How to write Problem statement in Research

In academic research, writing a problem statement can help you to contextualize and understand the significance of your research problem.

Step 1: Contextualize the problem

The problem statement should frame your research problem in its particular context and give some background on what is already known about it.

  • For practical research, focus on the concrete details of the situation:

─Where and when does the problem arise?

─Who does the problem affect?

─What attempts have been made to solve the problem?

Step 2: Show why it matters

  • The problem statement should also address the relevance of the research
  • why is it important that the problem is solved?
  • Practical research
  • Directly relevant to a specific problem that affects :

─an organization,


─social group,

─or society more broadly.

  • To make it clear why your research problem matters, you can ask yourself:

─What will happen if the problem is not solved?

─Who will feel the consequences?

─Does the problem have wider relevance?

Step 3: Set your aims and objectives

  • Finally, the problem statement should frame how you intend to address the problem.
  • Your goal should not be to find a conclusive solution
  • Try to seek out the reasons behind the problem and propose more effective approaches to tackling or understanding it.
  • The aim is the overall purpose of your research. It is generally written in the infinitive form:

─The aim of this study is to determine…

─This project aims to explore…

─I aim to investigate…

  • The objectives are the concrete steps you will take to achieve the aim:

Qualitative methods will be used to identify…

─I will use surveys to collect…

─Using statistical analysis, the research will measure


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